Sulphate Removal from Ground Water - a Case Study

  • P. Lipp
  • T. Gronki
  • J. Lueke
  • A. Lanfervoss
  • G. Baldauf


With ratification of the new German drinking water directive, the maximum allowable sulphate concentration is raised from 240 to 250 mg/L. However, exceedances due to geogenic conditions up to 500 mg/L sulphate are no longer permitted. Water supply utilities affected by this change now have to consider suitable treatment technologies for the given conditions. In a case study, a semi industrial pilot plant was operated with different low pressure reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes to identify conditions for a stable operation and the required antiscalant dosage to achieve this. Long term operation was possible with both membrane types at a yield of 80 % with 1.2 g/m³ of polycarboxylic acid continuously dosed as antiscalant. In order to elucidate the possibilities for concentrate discharge several treatment processes have been investigated.
LIPP, P. et al. Sulphate Removal from Ground Water - a Case Study. gwf Wasser | Abwasser, [S.l.], v. 152, n. Special 1, p. 46 - 51, juni 2013. ISSN 0016-3651. Verfügbar unter: <>. Date accessed: 05 juni 2020.